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Roadkill: Court decision says mitigate the road hazard

Do you know your responsibilities if you strike and kill a deer or other animal large enough to re a road hazard to approaching vehicles?

Before we get there, consider that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. In this case, perhaps hundreds of pounds!

Simply staying alert, with focused attention on the road ahead, would prevent the vast majority of crashes.

Avoiding collisions with animals requires an even higher level of vigilance.

My mother drilled into me to constantly watch for the reflective eyes of animals at night. We stand a better chance during the day, but only if we continually scan the bushes and ditches on the sides of the roads.

And please remember that it is your safety and that of other road users that matters, not the safety of the animal.

If swerving sharply or slamming on your brakes is your automatic reaction to a small, furry creature darting in front of your car, please work on changing that.

All it takes is a quick glance in your rear-view mirror to ensure that your evasive move won’t interfere with another road user. The sick feeling in your heart from killing a small animal is nothing compared to how you will feel about causing a crash and hurting yourself and others.

It’s different with a larger animal like a deer, moose or cow. An impact with a larger animal can cause serious or even fatal injuries, particularly if the animal comes through the windshield.

There might not be anything you can do to avoid an impact. The most vigilant of drivers is no match for a deer leaping out from behind foliage.

The impact is shocking, but thankfully you are alright.

You are feeling horrible about the dead or dying animal. You are also concerned about damage to your vehicle.

Just like the icy road situation I wrote about last week, though, your primary concern should be approaching traffic.

Your stopped vehicle is a road hazard, particularly in low visibility situations like around a blind corner or at night. It’s easy enough to pull off to the side or simply carry on your way.

What about the carcass?

It is a road hazard as well, of course, but do you have a legal obligation to do anything about it?

The reasons for judgment in the court case of Ziemer v. Wheeler, 2014 BCSC 2049, set out the law that yes, you do.

Mr. Wheeler, driving an F350 pick-up truck, hit a moose. In circumstances of driving below the posted speed limit at night, on a familiar road that was not known for moose crossings, with no artificial light illuminating the moose’s dark pelt, he was assessed not at fault for this collision.

Mr. Wheeler left the scene, doing nothing about the large moose that remained on the highway.

Nine minutes later, two vehicles approach the scene from opposite directions.

One vehicle impacts the moose carcass, sending the vehicle into the oncoming lane, resulting in a head-on crash.

Neither driver is found at fault for this crash. With dimmed headlights, the dark mass of the moose carcass against the dark asphalt was not noticeable until too late. The oncoming driver had no time to react when the vehicle impacting the moose deflected into the oncoming lane.

Madam Justice Watchuk then considered the responsibility of Mr. Wheeler.

She reviewed the law, noting that

“A driver who has collided with an animal must take reasonable steps to preclude the possibility of another motorist colliding with that wildlife.”

Mr. Wheeler had what was described as an “extremely well lit truck”. He also had flares. Madam Justice Watchuk noted various steps that Mr. Wheeler could have taken to warn approaching motorists, including flashing his headlights at them.

Even though Mr. Wheeler was a victim of unfortunate circumstances, colliding with a moose. He became the cause of a very serious crash by failing to take reasonable steps to warn approaching motorists.

Common sense should have directed his behaviour at the scene. As noted in this case, there is a legal duty that corresponds with common sense. Please share this information with others to help prevent other crashes of this nature.

PDF Court Case: 2014 BCSC 2049 Ziemer v. Wheeler

Previous column in series: Mitigate roadside risk if you are in a car crash

Next column in series: A bee in the car is not an excuse

BC Road Hazard Maintenance: Phone numbers to report roadkill hazards to your local area


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  • My friend hit a deer on the highway between nanaimo and Courtney BC. It lept out from the side of the meridian and hit her driver side door causing a dent with blood on the highway and feces along the driver side door.

    She wasn’t hurt however Icbc is trying to not pay and instead making her pay $5k ,or wanting 5k to fix her vehicle. The deer did run off probably died after

    • Eric,

      That sounds like a collision where nobody but the deer was at fault. Unfortunately, a claim cannot be made against the deer. So the only recourse your friend would have is if she has insurance that covers damage to her vehicle (collision insurance). If no collision insurance, she’s stuck paying for the damage to her vehicle.